330x110
 

Common health risks of office workers

02.06.2018,19:24


At first glance, office work seems prestigious, intellectual and comfortable. But this is only the visible part of the "iceberg". Office workers are constantly exposed to psycho-emotional stress. They spend much time without movement at the computer, in rooms with artificial lighting, being rarely in the fresh air, breathe dust and toxic air of electronic devices. All this does not pass without a trace. Sooner or later, 30-35% of office workers begin to suffer from typical office diseases.

Tunnel wrist syndrome- This syndrome may occur in each of the first six people working at the computer more than 4 hours a day. Signs of tunnel wrist syndrome: wrist pain, weakness, pain, numbness, tingling fingers. At last stages of the disease, there may even be a restriction in the movements.

Osteochondrosis - Sitting for hours in the same position leads to circulatory disorders in the spine, pain in back, neck and shoulders. Subsequently, these troubles lead to such complications as a hernia of the spine, radiculitis, kyphosis (hump), lordosis (curvature of the spine inside), scoliosis (curvature of the spine to the side).

Obesity - A sedentary lifestyle and poor diet lead to obesity. Shortness of breath, excessive sweating, swelling and pain in the legs develop gradually in such persons.

Cardiovascular diseases - Occur in case of constant stress, lack of mobility, excess weight, abuse of coffee to eliminate fatigue.

Dry eye syndrome - 20% of office workers working at the computer suffer from this disease. At that, redness, itching, burning sensation, watery eyes, photophobia, foreign body sensation in the eyes.

Chronic fatigue syndrome - It appears due to the excess of information, psycho-emotional stress. Lack of mood, drowsiness, tension, irritability and inability to concentrate are signs of this syndrome. The most common in such persons are heart attack, diabetes and depression.

Varicose disease - This disease forms in long time-sitting and sedentary persons According to the law of gravity, blood flows down the vessels. The movement of blood back up is achieved through muscle contraction. In stillness and while sitting the muscles don't contract and therefore the blood stays in the vessels, and then produces varicose veins or vascular "stars". Varicose disease is a serious pathology that leads to such complications as thrombosis, heart attack and stroke.

Gastrointestinal problems - Appear due to wrong diet and lack of exercise (inactivity). Such persons have pain in the stomach, constipation or diarrhea, flatulence (bloating), bitterness in the mouth.

Hemorrhoids - Forms when persons lead sedentary lifestyle as blood circulation in the pelvis reduces, so that the vessels located in the rectum expand and therefore cause hemorrhoids.

What should be done in such cases?

Walk more on foot!

Do not use the elevator, and try to go down and climb the stairs. After work, devote at least one hour of your time to running or walking.

Sit up!

Lean against the back of the chair - it will serve as support for your spine. Put your hands on the table or armrests of the chair.

Press the keys gently!

This way you will significantly reduce the strain on the wrists. Try to eat more foods rich in vitamin B6-B12. This will prevent the formation of tunnel wrist syndrome.

Increase the amount of fluids you take!

The liquid cleanses the body of toxins, prevents the formation of thrombosis (clotting), the risk of heart attack, stroke, varicose veins.

Take breaks from work!

Walk around the office or the corridor. After every hour, close your eyes for 20-30 seconds and rest.

Do sports!

Walking, light gymnastics or swimming can protect you from office syndrome.

Blink!

This way your eyes will be naturally moistened and dryness in the eyes will reduce. You can also use special eye drops.