Founder of Nobel Prize or ‘Merchant of Death’?


June 12, Fineko/abc.az.In 1888, dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel’s brother Ludvig, who underwent treatment in the city of Cannes, France, died of a heart attack. And a French newspaper, confusing the two brothers, ran an obituary for Alfred calling him “the merchant of death”, a man who “became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before.”
Sharply criticising Alfred Nobel in the article, the author says about the numerous deaths caused by the dynamite invented by Nobel.

The author was very sorry to hear about how Alfred Nobel became rich by inventing weapons that led to the mass destruction of people. In the article, Alfred was called "a millionaire on blood", "merchant of death", "dynamite king".
Reading his own obituary, in which he was labeled the merchant of death, shook Alfred Nobel much. He didn't want to be mentioned after his death in such a form. Alfred sincerely wanted future generations to remember him not as a producer of powerful weapons, but as a man who fought for peace with all his strength. 

So, after long thinking he makes a will in Paris on 27 November 1895. 94% of his total wealth (31 million Swedish marks, i.e. at the current calculation - 472 million dollars) was bequeathed to the creation of a special prize fund.
The interest from the allocated funds was to be distributed into 5 parts and be given annually in the form of awards to persons who distinguished themselves in their activity in the field of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, as well as for peace. 

Thus, the world-famous Nobel Prize was created. But because of the objections of relatives of Alfred Nobel and protracted trials, the official presentation of the Nobel Prize was delayed by 5 years. The first Nobel Prize was awarded five years after the death of Alfred – in 1901 and has been given to date.


Keywords: Nobel Prize