What we're doing wrong, being protected from the sun's harmful rays?



July 11, Fineko/abc.az. The sun's rays play an important role in strengthening our health and immunity. However, long staying in the sun and exposure to destructive factors of the sun can lead to many serious complications. Burns, age spots, peeling, melanoma and other types of skin cancer are formed due to improper skin protection.

What do we do wrong when trying to protect the skin from the harmful effects of sunlight?

1. We use sunscreen, being already on the beach.

This is the biggest mistake. On average sunscreens need at least 30 minutes to “set” and be fully absorbed into the skin before they’re fully effective.

What to do? 20-30 minutes before leaving home or a hotel, stand in front of the mirror and apply sunscreen on the whole body. Then you can go outside.

2. Indifference to the chosen sunscreen.

The choice of sunscreen should depend on the type of your skin. Thus, the owners of sensitive and allergic skin, children and pregnant women should use a sunscreen that forms a protective barrier on the skin.

Persons whose skin is prone to acne should use a water-based sunscreen, as the cream on a fat basis can increase their number of acne.

Persons with dry type of skin should choose creamy sunscreens to moisturize the skin as well.

The owners of the skin prone to age spots can choose dermatocosmetological SPF 50 products with high protective properties.

Persons who like to swim for a long time, exercise outdoors, as well as persons prone to sweating, should use water-resistant sunscreen. Such means retain their protective actions even after being in the water for more than 40-80 minutes.

3. Insufficiently frequent use of sunscreen.

The opinion that if you apply sunscreen in the morning, then during the day you can be protected is absolutely wrong. In hot summer days, you should use sunscreen every two hours.  And if you swim in the pool or the sea, then this procedure should be repeated even more often.

4. Don’t forget about protection of your eyes and lips.

The protective function of the lip skin is lower than the protective function of the face skin, so be sure to use lip balm. And for the skin around the eyes you should use a thick cream with high protective properties. It is also necessary to wear sunglasses.

5. You don’t apply a protective cream on the heels, armpits, neck and ears.

Insufficient application of sunscreen to the neck area leads to premature aging of the skin in this area.

6. Use of expired sunscreens.

Shelf life of sunscreens is three years. However, after sunscreen is opened, it can only be used for a year. Do not store this product in an open and warm place. High temperatures can also reduce the protective properties of the cream.

7. You don’t use sunscreen if you’re at home or in the car.

UVA-rays can penetrate through glass and curtains that can lead to aging and skin cancer. In this case, the use of products with SPF 15 can provide sufficient protection of the skin.

8. You don’t use sunscreen if you are in the shade.

Even when you are under umbrella and are not exposed to direct sunlight, 34% of the radiation is reflected from the sand or the surface of the edge of the pool.

9. You don’t use sunscreen if you want to tan.

When getting a tan in the solarium or on the beach, be sure to apply sunscreen to avoid burns and prevent harmful effects of UFL.

10. You put body-designed sunscreen on the face.

Sunscreens designed for the face prevent skin irritation and acne. If your skin is prone to allergies and acne, you can not apply body sunscreen to the face. The use of alcohol-containing sprays can also lead to drying of the skin, eczema. Use sunscreen lotion if you have oily skin.