Hepatitis C - hidden enemy of liver


September 5, Fineko/abc.az.  Hepatitis C, being a viral infection of the liver, has main six genotypes (types - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6). The most common forms – Type 1 and Type 2 and the rare genotype is Type 5 and Type 6.

Symptoms: Disease in most cases is asymptomatic or with weak and flu-like signs.   The incubation period, that is, period from infection to appearance of the first symptoms is 7-8 weeks. Symptoms: nausea, general weakness, lethargy, lack of appetite, high temperature, headache, and abdominal pain. The disease can occur for many years. As a result of activity of viruses, liver cells are destroyed and die. And after a certain time this leads to cirrhosis, liver cancer, and liver failure.

Who is at risk of contracting Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C passes through the blood in 90% of cases. In 5% of cases, infection occurs from mother to fetus and in 3% of cases – sexually.

Persons who received a blood transfusion, users of drugs by intravenous injection, patients undergoing hemodialysis, patients with hemophilia (in view of prolonged transfusion of blood), patients undergoing dental and gynecological examination, persons injured with a sharp object (e.g. doctors during surgery), persons undergoing tattooing, persons who have many sexual partners, homosexuals, persons who frequently access services of beauty salons (manicure and pedicure) are at risk of infection with Hepatitis C.

Is treatment possible? Due to the latest advances in medicine, a complete cure for Hepatitis C is already possible. Duration of treatment may vary depending on genotype of virus, stage and severity of the disease.

Keywords: Hepatitis C