Role of calcium in human body

13.09.2018,15:07


September 13, Fineko/abc.az.  Insufficient level of calcium in the blood – hypocalcemia, has negative effect not only on the strength of teeth and bones, but also on the body as a whole. If you have complaints such as feeling of tingling on your hands and feet, numbness in the limbs and in the corners of the mouth, nervous tics, chills, dizziness, distraction, lethargy, muscle spasms, muscle pain, hair loss, brittle nails, dryness, eczema, dermatitis, increased heart rate, heart pain, you may have calcium deficiency.  Calcium deficiency in the elderly can lead to osteoporosis and frequent bone fractures. Calcium is directly involved in the performance of vital functions in the body. 

Calcium:

- participates in the synthesis of hormones that affect the function of the kidneys and intestines;

- plays an important role in the blood clotting process;

- affects muscle contraction and nerve conduction;

- participates in the synthesis of enzymes;

- acting on the conductivity in the cell membrane (wall), regulates transportation of oxygen and nutrients;

- participates in the synthesis of many vitamins, in particular, B12.

Who is at risk?  Persons, who do not take enough food and calcium, those who suffer from gastrointestinal disorders and have violation of calcium absorption in this connection, patients with hypoparathyroidism, those who suffer from vitamin D deficiency, kidney disease, liver and pancreas, hypoalbuminemia - deficiency of protein in the blood, and patients who have taken some drugs for a long time, are included in this group.

What to do? In case of hypocalcemia diagnosis, its cause should be clarified first of all, and then – due to the intake of drugs and food with high content of calcium, the level of calcium in the blood should be normalized.

Calcium-rich foods: milk and dairy products (curd, kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt, hard cheese), chicken and goose, greens, fruits and vegetables (especially broccoli, spinach, celery, orange), soy products, oats, buckwheat, walnut, sesame seeds, and marine products.

Keywords: calcium